Speaking from personal experience as a former deep undercover officer in the New York City Police Department I submit that the most effective, and ultimately least intrusive method for the general population to endure in order to prevent a repetition of the September 2001 attack, is through infiltration of groups likely to be involved in such acts.
Many New York City cops know officers who have faced criminal prosecution as a result of having used force in the line of duty. Most of these prosecutions involve cases where the officer involved discharged a firearm resulting in the death of an individual. Prosecutions for firearms discharges by police in non-fatal injuries incidents are much less common. Regardless of the injury, every officer knows that when they fire their weapon an exhaustive investigation will result; nevertheless, many officers find themselves in a state of disbelief when it happens to them. When officers find themselves facing prosecution for what they felt was a routine use of non-lethal force, they often suffer a debilitating sense of disbelief over the consequences of their action. The purpose of this column is to examine the fallout from the use of “non-lethal force” resulting in a death or injury.